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Syllabus

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Week Three Assignments [unit]

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Despite the hype of 5G NR, Wi-Fi and 5GNR together play an important role in corporate use cases such as remote patient care and smart manufacturing. How 5G Enhances WiFi in the industries?

5G new radio is a very new technology. In addition to faster speeds, when 5G is actually implemented.

The dramatic claim that New 5G will replace WiFi is unfounded to New Radio 5G? It doesn't work today.

Few industries are as affected by 5G as manufacturing. In the manufacturing industry, the advent of cellular technology could stimulate the next industrial revolution.

Most factories continue to operate on Wi-Fi networks, but the wave of smart factories based on 5G technology is beginning to emerge. 

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From 12 perspectives on Narrowband IoT vs Lora technology to learn which IoT standard is more advantageous.

Rapid developments in machine learning and M2M communication standards are playing a key role.

Semtech's LoRa technology is a bit ahead of the curve in this area, but NB-IoT (narrowband IoT) is also rapidly gaining traction as a powerful LPWAN standard.

Lora and LoRaWAN are often used as synonyms, but they do not refer to the same thing.

NB-IoT works well in urban areas but has only mediocre performance in suburban and rural areas (where 4G signal is not available).

LoRaWAN does not rely on cellular data or Wi-Fi, so it can maintain relatively stable coverage in any region.

Note: Compared to the cost of constructing base stations for 4G-LTE, which is necessary for the introduction of NB-IoT, the cost of constructing base stations for LoRa is a fraction of that for 4G-LTE, and the low investment required gives LoRa a significant advantage.

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Week Four Assignments [unit]

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Today, we talk about the LTE Cat 1 vs Cat 4. After the read, you will know about the difference between LTE Cat.1 and Cat.4.

To distinguish between LTE Cat.1 and Cat.4, we need to know what Cat is. Cat stands for Category, and the numbers after Cat represent the different categories, which 3GPP names in the Cat.

Cat.X is used to describe the capability level of user terminals according to the 3GPP Release definition, and Cat4 and Cat1 are both standards for user terminal categories in LTE networks for 4G communications.

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Week Five Assignments [unit]

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The relationship between 5G NarrowBand IoT

What relationship exists between 5G NarrowBand IoT? Whether Narrowband IoT is 5G technology in the end? Today, we will learn about the 5G Narrowband IoT relationship.

5G NR technology brings by no means only faster network speed, but will be the intelligent interconnection of everything is possible in fact, and NB-IoT is the prelude and foundation of 5G commercialization, therefore, the evolution of NB-IoT is more important, such as support for multicast, continuous mobility, new power levels, etc. As long as the infrastructure such as NB-IoT is complete, 5G New Radio can be truly realized.

Industrial IoT is relatively a regional network, so there is a possibility of a breakthrough. NarrowBand IoT bypasses 4G, no need to wait for the arrival of the 5G era all the time, 5G narrowband IoT takes the lead to come out and lead the way.

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IoT Communication Protocols

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The IoT communication protocols comparison.

As the number of IoT devices continues to increase

Communication is very common and critical for IoT

Bluetooth, ZigBee, LoRa, NB-IoT, Wi-Fi, and some of the others are the most commonly used protocols. Let's explore each protocol in depth.

Today, we talk about the wired and wireless IoT Communication Technologies, the simple 13 common communication technologies in IoT.

We have compiled and summarized the commonly used wired and wireless communication methods of IoT for future reference.

Communication frequency band: license-free frequency band. Use Industrial Scientific Medical (ISM) frequency band, 915MHz (U.S.), 868MHz (Europe), 2. 4GHz (Global)

NB-IoT is built on a cellular network and only consumes about 180KHz of bandwidth, and can be directly deployed on a GSM network, UMTS network, or LTE network.

Communication frequency band: ISM frequency band including 433MHz, 868MHz, 915MHz, etc.

Communication distance: 2-5 km for towns, 15 km for suburbs

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Lora Wireless Communication

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Lora wireless communication technology is Long Range Radio wireless communication technology. It is a low-power LAN wireless standard created by Semtech company. Its biggest feature is that it can travel farther than other wireless methods under the same power consumption condition, achieving low power consumption and Long-distance unity, it is 3-5 times longer than the traditional radio frequency communication distance under the same power consumption.

Working frequency: ISM frequency band, including 433 MHz, 868 MHz, 915 MHz, etc.

Today, we talk about something about NB-IoT which you may not know.

NB-IoT refers to Narrow Band - Internet of Things (IoT) technology, which focuses on the Low Power Wide Area (LPWA) Internet of Things (IoT) market and is an emerging technology that can be widely used around the world.

Huawei, as the domestic leader in developing NB-IoT technology, has also attracted considerable attention from the technology community.

Q: How are the frequency bands for NB-IoT divided by domestic and international operators?

A: Most operators worldwide use the 900MHz band to deploy NB-IoT, and some operators deploy in the 800MHz band.

China Unicom's NB-IoT is deployed in the 900MHz and 1800MHz bands, and currently, only 900MHz is available for trials.

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4G LTE Antenna Design 4G PCB Antenna Design

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C&T RF Antennas Inc provides 4G PCB Antenna Design and manufacturing, we have the 4G antenna with the internal antenna type, external antenna type, the PCB antenna with others frequency bands for your choice.

The cellular IoT is a method of connecting physical devices (sensors, etc.) to the Internet, and transmits physical devices (sensors, etc.) on the same mobile network as smartphones.

The cellular network connects IoT devices will exceed 20 billion in 2023. Specifically, the number of IoT devices connected via LTE and 5G exceeds 3.5 billion, mainly in China and Northeast Asia.

Two major forms of cellular Internet of Things: LTE-M and NB-IoT

In fact, all current cellular IoT applications use either LTE-M or NB-IoT or GSM cellular infrastructure.

While only the United States, the Netherlands, Ireland, and Australia cover national LTE, GSM has become the norm in many non-Western regions such as Eastern Europe and Africa.

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What is narrowband internet of things technology? Why is the narrowband internet of things technology emerging?

What is narrowband internet of things technology?

NB-IoT refers to NarrowBand Internet of Things (Narrowband-IoT) technology. Different IoT services have different requirements for data transmission capability and real-time performance.

Depending on the transmission rate, IoT services can be differentiated into high, medium, and low speed:

High-speed IoT services:

Mainly using 3G and 4G technologies, such as in-vehicle IoT devices and surveillance cameras, the corresponding business features require real-time data transmission;

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After reading, you will learn what is an IoT antenna, what are the IoT antenna types.

Internet of Things (IoT) devices need to have an antenna. The smaller the IoT device space, the more the frequency band and the more complex IoT antenna design. Internet of Things/IoT antenna includes NB-IoT antenna, 4G antenna, 5G antenna, GSM antenna, Lora antenna, GPRS antenna, UMTS antenna, Lora antenna, ISM antenna, GNSS antenna, WiFi antenna, GPS antenna, etc.

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5G NB-IoT Report 2021

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After the development of the past few years, the 5G NB-IoT industry in China has been ahead of the international for 2-3 years, and the application of the head industry has entered a mature stage, new application fields are continuously being expanded, and related products are becoming more and more abundant.

In the future, the market awareness of 5G NB-IoT will also become higher and higher, and it will still be able to maintain rapid development within 2-3 years, and then enter a stable period of development.

Although there are many 5G NB-IoT related reports on the market, we still hope to provide readers with more perspectives, more detailed explanations and more comprehensive content.

Therefore, in order to facilitate more people to have a comprehensive and clear understanding of the 5G NB-IoT industry, we conducted in-depth research on more than 10 domestic 5G NB-IoT first-line representative companies, covering the entire industry chain.

the 7 newest UWB industry trends to reveal how UWB technology future gFrom oes.

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What is integrated positioning technology?

The integrated positioning technology integrates all positioning methods on the market, including GPS, base station positioning, Wi-Fi positioning, Bluetooth positioning, and sensor positioning, which can be described as integrated positioning technology sets.

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5G Antenna Array Architecture

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This article discusses the high-level design principles behind 5G antenna array architecture MIMO and beamforming technology to meet the requirements of 5G NR systems.

The higher the carrier frequency, the path loss will increase significantly relative to the fixed antenna size of the wavelength. A smaller antenna size at a higher carrier frequency means that more antennas are installed in the same area.

The path loss caused by the increase in carrier frequency can be overcome by using more antennas without increasing the overall physical size of the 5G antenna array.

In addition, when the carrier frequency increases above about 10 GHz, diffraction will no longer be the main propagation mechanism. Above 10Ghz, reflection and scattering will be the most important transmission mechanisms for non-line-of-sight transmission links.

After the read, you will learn about what is NB-IoT, What are the features of NarrowBand-IoT, what are the NB-IoT applications.

NB-IoT (NarrowBand Internet of Things) is an emerging technology IoT based on the narrowband cellular things, support low-power device is connected to the cellular WAN data, is also known as a low-power wide-area network ( LPWA).

The GSM network, UMTS network, or an LTE network supporting short standby time, the network connection device requires a high connection efficiency.

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What is Mold Clamp?

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Mold clamp tools definition

What is mold clamp? The mold clamp (also called mould clamp) is a kind of auxiliary clamping unit often used in injection mold processing, its main function is to keep the machined parts not shaking not moving in the processing.

Mold clamp tools definition

What is mold clamp? The mold clamp (also called mould clamp) is a kind of auxiliary clamping unit often used in injection mold processing, its main function is to keep the machined parts not shaking not moving in the processing.

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