American Psychological Association 6th edition
Modern Language Association 7th edition
Modern Language Association 8th edition
Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition
Council of Science Editors


Citation Builder




MLA Style Guide

The MLA Style Center, published by the Modern Language Association, is the only authorized Web site about MLA style. This free, evolving resource is designed as a companion to the eighth edition of the MLA Handbook.


MLA Style Guide


Chicago/Turabian Style for Students and Researchers

A MANUAL FOR WRITERS OF RESEARCH PAPERS—also known as “Turabian”—is the gold standard for college and graduate students in virtually all academic areas. An introduction to Chicago-style formatting and citation generation, the manual aids students in clear writing, citing, and research practice. At the heart of Turabian is the idea that, no matter the format, the foundations of good research remain the same: to do it carefully, present it clearly and accurately, and follow academic standards for citation, style, and format.

Citation Quick Guide: Notes and Bibliography Sample Citations

The notes and bibliography style is popular in the humanities—including literature, history, and the arts. In this system, sources are cited in numbered footnotes or endnotes. Each note corresponds to a raised (superscript) number in the text. Sources are also usually listed in a separate bibliography. This system is very flexible and can easily accommodate a wide variety of sources.T

Citation Quick Guide: Author-Date Sample Citations

The author-date style is more common in the physical, natural, and social sciences. In this system, sources are briefly cited in the text, usually in parentheses, by author’s last name and year of publication. Each citation in the text matches up with an entry in a reference list, where full bibliographic information is provided.

Turabian Student Paper-Writing Tip Sheets

PDF printable paper-writing tip sheets for students, teachers, and librarians.



Chicago Manual Of Style. "Chicago Style for Students and Researchers." Accessed August 28, 2018.

Chicago Manual Of Style. "Turabian Student Paper-Writing Tip Sheets." Accessed August 28, 2018.

Chicago Manual Of Style. "Citation Quick Guide Author-Date: Sample Citations." Accessed August 28, 2018.

Chicago Manual Of Style. "Citation Quick Guide Notes and Bibliography: Sample Citations." Accessed August 28, 2018.